According to a new study on global trends in BMI (body mass index), obesity is growing more rapidly in rural areas than in cities globally. The study was conducted by ICL (Imperial College London) and was published in the journal Nature. The study analyzed the weight and height data of over 112 Million adults in the rural and urban areas of 200 nations and territories amid 1985 and 2017. The height and weight can be utilized to calculate BMI, which is an internationally recognized scale that tells whether a person has a healthy weight considering their height.
The study—involved a network of over 1000 scientists across the world—discovered that from 1985–2017; the BMI surged by an average of 2.2 kg/m2 in men and 2.0 kg/m2 in women globally, corresponding to every person getting 5–6 Kg heavier. Over half of the universal rise in these 33 Years was owing to augmentation in BMI in the rural areas. In some low-income countries and middle-income countries, rural regions were liable for over 80% of the increase. The team discovered that since 1985, the average BMI in rural regions has surged by 2.1 kg/m2 in women and men. But in cities, the surge was 1.6 kg/m2 and 1.3 kg/m2 in men and women, respectively.
Recently, the ICL was in news for its study that stated that blood test for breast cancer can help in spotting relapse earlier. A simple blood test can aid in detecting breast cancer relapse by up to 2 Years earlier than imaging in females with early-stage breast cancer. In a study, conducted by the ICL and the UoL (University of Leicester)—funded by Cancer Research UK—scientists stated that the blood test was capable of detecting 89% of all relapses, on standard 8.9 Months quicker than imaging.